These agreements are extremely important for a large part of the EU fleet, particularly for the agreement with Norway, which includes more than 2 billion euros in quotas. The Common Fisheries Policy was created to manage fish stocks for the Whole of the European Union. Article 38 of the 1957 Treaty of Rome, which founded the European Communities (now the European Union), stipulated that the common market extended to agriculture and trade in agricultural products. agricultural products in the treaty, i.e. soil, livestock and fishing products, as well as primary processing products directly related to these products. He did not mention fishing or common fishing areas otherwise. In accordance with Article 2, point a), of the agreement, EU fishing can take place in “waters under the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the Kingdom of Morocco,” as defined in all previous agreements. It is therefore not limited to the area under the direct sovereignty of the Moroccan authorities, but encompasses other territories under their jurisdiction. B for example, their exclusive economic zone, but also the waters of Western Sahara. Therefore, the agreement does not explicitly include the waters of Western Sahara or expressly excludes itThe geographical scope of the VPA is disputed; its extension to the waters of Western Sahara is considered by many to be a violation of international law.  Since 1975, Morocco has occupied most of Western Sahara and controls the waters off the territory. As Moroccan stocks are largely depleted, most of the fishing is now taking place off the coast of Western Sahara.  As a major fishing power and the largest internal market for fisheries products in the world, the EU also plays an important role in promoting better governance by a number of international organisations.
It encourages the development and implementation of fisheries management policy and, more generally, the implementation of the law of the sea. The EU works closely with partners around the world, through the UN system, including the Organisation for Agriculture and Food (FAO), as well as in other bodies such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The lack of sovereignty and management of Morocco`s status of power with regard to Western Sahara has also been brought to the attention of the European Parliament, which has not concluded because of Morocco`s lack of competence to conclude an agreement with the EU on this issue. In 2006, the European Fisheries Commissioner, Borg, stated, referring to the UN legal opinion, that “agreements can be reached with the Kingdom of Morocco on the natural resources of Western Sahara”, since the LEGAL opinion of the United Nations “implys that Morocco is a de facto administrative power… and is therefore entitled to conclude such an agreement.  The Commission underestimated the difference between the purpose of the UN legal opinion on contracts with foreign oil and exploration companies and the nature of the VPA, an international agreement that cannot be equated with a treaty and requires a different and stronger jurisdiction from Morocco.  When it came into force, the Lisbon Treaty formally listed fisheries policy as one of the few “exclusive competences” reserved for the European Union and which must be decided by qualified majority.  However, the common fisheries policy remains a “common competence” of the Union and its Member States.  Decisions are now taken jointly by the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament as part of the codecision procedure.